• Defines temporal / spatial concepts and general-purpose datastructures @en
  • OntoMedia (Ontology for Media) Date Component has been designed to describe the different ways of marking time in media. @en
  • Defines the common bibliographic terms for the description of enumeration and chronology of periodicals @en
  • The Genealogisches Orts-Verzeichnis (GOV) contains information about current and historical political, ecclesiastical and legal administrative affiliations of settlements and administrative units. In addition several time-dependent values (such as names, population numbers, postal codes etc.) are given. @en
  • This is an RDF/OWL representation of the GeoSciML Geologic Timescale model, which has been adapted from the model described in Cox, S.J.D, & Richard, S.M. (2005) A formal model for the geologic timescale and GSSP, compatible with geospatial information transfer standards, Geosphere, Geological Society of America 1/3, 119–137. @en
  • The NEPOMUK Calendaring Ontology intends to provide vocabulary for describing calendaring data (events, tasks, journal entries) which is an important part of the body of information usually stored on a desktop. It is an adaptation of the ICALTZD ontology created by the W3C RDF Calendar Task Force of the Semantic Web Interest Group in the Semantic Web Activity. @en
  • A vocabulary to describe opening hours using calendars (recommended: iCal, RDFCal or schema.org) published on the Web. @en
  • This ontology defines: - a set of subclasses of `seas:Evaluation` to better interpret evaluations of quantifiable properties. - a set of sub properties of `seas:hasProperty` to qualify time-related properties. @en
  • A lightweight ontology for representing semantic trajectories and contextual elements in terms of features of interests and episodes. @en
  • An entry sub-ontology of time (OWL-Time). @en
  • In a typical (uni)temporal data model every resource's appearance (and disappearance) is being tracked. Numerous systems accomplish unitemporal tracking, either externally by e.g. using git to record the insertion or deletion of a resource, or internally by e.g. using prov:generatedAtTime and prov:invalidatedAtTime. This axis of time is known as *system time*, and none of TempO's concern because for one there is readily available support, and moreover because unitemporal tracking is used for principally true statements, i.e. those that have always been (considered) true or will always be (considered) true. TempO addresses bitemporal and tritemporal setups: Resources which are (known or believed to be) valid and efficacious for some time. A second time axis orthogonal to system time is introduced, that is a resource can be valid even though it is currently not in the system, or, conversely, can be already or still invalid by the time it enters the system. Efficacy, sometimes called decision time, is yet another concept orthogonal to validity, i.e. a resource that is no longer or not yet valid can be efficacious. The converse, a valid but inefficacious resource in the system, is *usually* not encountered but TempO does not impose restrictions on the shape of the time area. In general the necessity for tracking both validity and efficacy arises in areas where concepts are assigned a code or label that is subject to reuse following invalidation. Tracking efficacy and validity concurrently then allows for fine-grained control over how much future knowledge or how much past knowledge we tolerate in a datset. Example: -------- Czechoslovakia was founded in 1918 but became part of Germany, Hungary and Poland in 1938. It was reestablished in 1945 but split into two sovereign states in 1993. The ISO 3166 country code for Czechoslovakia used to be 'CS', assigned in 1974, published in February 1978, and invalidated with the country's split. In 2003 ISO 3166 reassigned the country code 'CS' to Serbia and Montenegro. The facts were assembled in 2018 and written down as follows: cc:CSHH a cc:ISO3166-CountryCode ; rdfs:label "CS" ; cc:refersTo "Czechoslovakia" ; prov:generatedAtTime "2018-02-29T04:00:00Z"^^xsd:dateTime . tempo:validFrom "1978-02"^^xsd:gYearMonth ; tempo:validTill "1993-01-01"^^xsd:date ; tempo:efficaciousFrom "1918"^^xsd:gYear , "1945"^^xsd:gYear ; tempo:efficaciousTill "1938"^^xsd:gYear , "2003"^^xsd:gYear . The use of the country code 'CS' in a statement from 1988 can be resolved to cc:CSHH, as of today, free from ambiguity; it was valid back then after all and we know that today. The same query in 2017 (point-in-time query) would have yielded no results because the information hadn't been in the system back then. Point-in-time queries, however, are not TempO's major concern so only as-of-today queries are assumed from now on. Following the country's split it is highly likely that news reports from, say, 1994 highlighting the then-recent past would still have used 'CS' to refer to cc:CSHH. According to the resource this is possible, a query for 'CS' in 1994 would bring up cc:CSHH as it is efficacious but marked as invalidated. On the other end of history, the use of the code 'CS' in, say, 1976 is plausible. The code was decided on but not yet formally published. A query for 'CS' as used in 1976 would bring up cc:CSHH, marked as anachronistic. Going back further, a statement from, say 1942, using the code 'CS' must clearly refer to something else. A query for 'CS' as used in 1976 would yield not yield any results. -- The ontology IRI http://purl.org/tempo/ always resolve to the latest version of TempO. Particular versionIRIs such as http://purl.org/tempo/0.1/ can be used by clients to force the import of a particular version. The goal of TempO is to allow for temporal constraints with control over how much future or past is permissible directly on the published resource, and as such, TempO does not restrict domain/ranges. @en
  • An OWL representation of the model for Temporal Ordinal Reference Systems defined in GeoSciML v3. @en
  • This pattern is extracted from DOLCE-UltraLite by partial clone of elements and expansion. Two datatype properties have been added which allow to express the boundaries of the time interval. @en