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  • The present document is the technical specification of SAREF4SYST, a generic extension of [ETSI TS 103 264 SAREF](https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_ts/103200_103299/103264/02.01.01_60/ts_103264v020101p.pdf) that defines an ontology pattern which can be instantiated for different domains. SAREF4SYST defines Systems, Connections between systems, and Connection Points at which systems may be connected. These core concepts can be used generically to define the topology of features of interest, and can be specialized for multiple domains. The topology of features of interest is highly important in many use cases. If a room holds a lighting device, and if it is adjacent with an open window to a room whose luminosity is low, then by turning on the lighting device in the former room one may expect that the luminosity in the latter room will rise. The SAREF4SYST ontology pattern can be instantiated for different domains. For example to describe zones inside a building (systems), that share a frontier (connections). Properties of systems are typically state variables (e.g. agent population, temperature), whereas properties of connections are typically flows (e.g. heat flow). SAREF4SYST has two main aims: on the one hand, to extend SAREF with the capability or representing general topology of systems and how they are connected or interact and, on the other hand, to exemplify how ontology patterns may help to ensure an homogeneous structure of the overall SAREF ontology and speed up the development of extensions. SAREF4SYST consists both of a core ontology, and guidelines to create ontologies following the SAREF4SYST ontology pattern. The core ontology is a lightweight OWL-DL ontology that defines 3 classes and 9 object properties. Use cases for ontology patterns are described extensively in [ETSI TR 103 549 Clauses 4.2 and 4.3](https://www.etsi.org/deliver/etsi_tr/103500_103599/103549/01.01.01_60/tr_103549v010101p.pdf). For the Smart Energy domain: - Electric power systems can exchange electricity with other electric power systems. The electric energy can flow both ways in some cases (from the Public Grid to a Prosumer), or in only one way (from the Public Grid to a Load). Electric power systems can be made up of different sub-systems. Generic sub-types of electric power systems include producers, consumers, storage systems, transmission systems. - Electric power systems may be connected one to another through electrical connection points. An Electric power system may have multiple connection points (Multiple Winding Transformer generally have one single primary winding with two or more secondary windings). Generic sub-types of electrical connection points include plugs, sockets, direct-current, single-phase, three-phase, connection points. - An Electrical connection may exist between two Electric power systems at two of their respective connection points. Generic sub-types of electrical connections include Single-phase Buses, Three-phase Buses. A single-phase electric power system can be connected using different configurations at a three-phase bus (RN, SN, TN types). For the Smart Building domain: - Buildings, Storeys, Spaces, are different sub-types of Zones. Zones can contain sub-zones. Zones can be adjacent or intersect with other zones. - Two zones may share one or more connections. For example some fresh air may be created inside a storey if it has two controllable openings to the exterior at different cardinal points. A graphical overview of the SAREF4SYST ontology is provided in Figure 1. In such figure: - Rectangles are used to denote Classes. The label of the rectangle is the identifier of the Class. - Plain arrows are used to represent Object Properties between Classes. The label of the arrow is the identifier of the Object Property. The origin of the arrow is the domain Class of the property, and the target of the arrow is the range Class of the property. - Dashed arrows with identifiers between stereotype signs (i.e. "`<< >>`") refer to OWL axioms that are applied to some property. Four pairs of properties are inverse one of the other; the property `s4syst:connectedTo` is symmetric, and properties `s4syst:hasSubSystem` and `s4syst:hasSubSystem` are transitive. - A symbol =1 near the target of an arrow denotes that the associated property is functional. A symbol ? denotes a local existential restriction. ![SAREF4SYST overview](diagrams/overview.png) @en
  • This ontology extends the SAREF ontology for the water domain. This work has been developed in the context of the STF 566, which was established with the goal to create three SAREF extensions, one of them for the water domain. @en
  • This ontology is intended to describe Semantic Actuator Networks, as a counterpoint to SSN definition of Semantic Sensor Networks. An actuator is a physical device having an effect on the world (see Actuator for more information). It is worth noticing that some concepts are imported from SSN, but not SSN as a whole. This is a design choice intended to separate as much as possible the definition on actuator from the definition of sensor, which are completely different concept that can be used independantly from each other. This ontology is used as a ontological module in IoT-O ontology. @en
  • The Smart Appliances REFerence (SAREF) ontology is a shared model of consensus that facilitates the matching of existing assets (standards/protocols/datamodels/etc.) in the smart appliances domain. The SAREF ontology provides building blocks that allow separation and recombination of different parts of the ontology depending on specific needs. @en
  • The Smart Appliances REFerence (SAREF) ontology is a shared model of consensus that facilitates the matching of existing assets (standards/protocols/datamodels/etc.) in the smart appliances domain. The SAREF ontology provides building blocks that allow separation and recombination of different parts of the ontology depending on specific needs. @en
  • This ontology extends the SAREF ontology for the Agricultural domain. This work has been developed in the context of the STF 534 (https://portal.etsi.org/STF/STFs/STFHomePages/STF534.aspx), which was established with the goal to create three SAREF extensions, one of them for the Agricultural domain. @en
  • Smart Building Evacuation Ontology (SBEO) is an ontology that couples the information about any building with its occupants such that it can be used in many useful ways. For example, indoor localization of people, detection of any hazard, a recommendation of normal routes such as shopping or stadium seating routes, or safe and feasible emergency evacuation routes or both of them all together. The core SBEO covers the concepts related to the geometry of building, devices and components of the building, route graphs correspondent to the building topology, users' characteristics and preferences, situational awareness of both building (hazard detection, status of routes in terms of availability and occupancy) and users (tracking, management of groups, status in terms of fitness), and emergency evacuation. @en
  • This ontology defines batteries and their state of charge ratio property. @en
  • The SEAS Device ontology defines `seas:Device` as physical system that are designed to execute one or more procedures that involve the physical world. @en
  • The SEAS Forecasting ontology extends the [Procedure Execution ontology (PEP)](https://w3id.org/pep/) @en
  • This ontology defines: - a set of subclasses of `seas:Evaluation` to better interpret evaluations of quantifiable properties. - a set of sub properties of `seas:hasProperty` to qualify time-related properties. @en
  • An ontology defining weather-related concepts and properties being relevant to smart home systems that provide predictive control. @en
  • This ontology is based on the SSN Ontology by the W3C Semantic Sensor Networks Incubator Group (SSN-XG), together with considerations from the W3C/OGC Spatial Data on the Web Working Group. @en
  • TheSPITFIRE Ontology (spt) is based on the alignment among Dolce+DnS Ultralite(dul), the W3C Semantic Sensor Network ontology (ssn) and the Event Model-F ontology (event). @en